Functional electrical stimulation and ThumbJam©: A collaborative approach to upper limb stroke rehabilitation through therapeutic musical improvisation. This PhD project will investigate the effects of a novel music therapy intervention pairing an iPad music application with electrical stimulation in upper limb stroke rehabilitation. Stroke survivors will be recruited from 2 rehabilitation units based in Sydney, and 1 based in Amsterdam. Stroke survivors will be randomly assigned to the FES+ThumbJam© intervention group and the standard care control group for 8 weeks. Using validated physiotherapy tools, a baseline of the fine motor movement, wrist flexion and weight bearing will be measured prior to treatment and at the beginning of each session. Sessions will take place for 45 minutes, once the FES has been appropriately fitted to the stroke survivor by the relevant physiotherapist or occupational therapist.